The Ins & Outs of a Hat

The Ins & Outs of a Hat

Hat Sizes
In accordance to the American numerical hat size system, the average diameter of the head is configured by measuring the circumference of a person's head, starting around 1/2 inch above the ears. Hat makers then divide this measurement by pi, where this figure is then rounded to the nearest centimeter or 1/8 inch.
Some individuals believe they will be able to stretch a hat that is a couple of sizes smaller than their head. While this may occur in various models, it is not a good habit to develop when selecting hats designed to properly fit the shape and size of your head.


Head Size

Measure

By Size

By Inch

By Centimeter

XXS

6

18 3/4

48

XXS

6 1/8

19 1/8

49

XXS

6 1/4

19 1/2

50

XS

6 3/8

20

51

XS

6 1/2

20 3/8

52

XS

6 5/8

20 3/4

53

S

6 3/4

21 1/8

54

S

6 7/8

21 1/2

55

M

7

22

56

M

7 1/8

22 3/8

57

L

7 1/4

22 3/4

58

L

7 3/8

23 1/8

59

XL

7 1/2

23 1/2

60

XL

7 5/8

24

61

XXL

7 3/4

24 3/8

62

XXL

7 7/8

24 3/4

63

XXL

8

25 1/8

64

XXXL

8 1/8

25 1/2

65

XXXL

8 1/4

26

66

XXXL

8 3/8

26 3/8

67

 

** Usually larger size is better if you are not sure.
** A size may vary slightly by manufacturer.
** To measure your size, wrap your head above your ears and eyebrows where your hat would normally sit.
** Proper handling and care will extend a life of hat. One of important thing is how to wash hat. If washable, please use warm or cold water. Hand wash with brush is best way to keep well. And dry them on shape.


Hat Shapes
Hats also showcase a specific shape, which can be just as important to note as the size. Since heads possess various widths, lengths, lumps and bumps, the use of a specialized tool called a conformateur further aids consumers in purchasing a hat with a perfect fit. While some individuals have round heads, others possess elongated ovals. Some of the shapes a hat may accommodate include round oval, regular oval, long oval, X-long oval, XX-long oval, and XXX-long oval.


Understanding the Different Parts of a Hat
For those who wish to obtain a custom-made hat, familiarizing yourself with some of the different parts is highly suggested.
A hat consists of four main parts:
1. crown – The portion of a hat covering the top of the toe
open crown, center crease, (modified) cattleman (-crown), tapered crown, un-tapered crown, teardrop crown, telescope crown, off-kilter telescope, pecan top (porkpie), flat crown/straight crown (e.g. like biberhut), etc.
2. peak (British English), visor (American English), or bill – a stiff projection at the front, to shade or shield the eyes from sun and rain
3. brim – An optional projection of stiff material from the bottom of the hat's crown horizontally all around the circumference of the hat
wide brim, dimension brim (dimensional brim), curled brm, rolled sides, etc.
4.  puggaree (British) or sweatband or hatband (American) – a ribbon or band that runs around the bottom of the torso of the hat. The sweatband may be adjustable with a cord at the top and is on the inside of the hat touching the skin while the hatband and puggaree are around the outside.
A hatband is a ribbon, leather strip, or sting appearing at the intersection of the crown and brim that aids in maintaining the size of the hat.


Hat Maintenance
The eventual wear and tear on material and the battle against Mother Nature are just some of the things that threatens the crispness and fresh appearance of a hat. Maintaining a hat means knowing how to properly clean and store an item. Different materials of hats call for varying approaches. For example, hats made from canvas or soft cotton can be cleaned in the same manner as regular pieces of clothing.
Leather hats require the use of special cleaning compounds. Mild detergent and water will renew the look of a straw hat. Felt hats may be treated in a variety of ways. A soft hat brush takes care of dust, while a damp towel removes dirt. Persistent stains are sometimes controlled with the gentle use of very fine-grained sandpaper. To protect the brim of a hat, storage should involve an upside-down method. You should also know that a good hat might shrink over time, meaning the occasional stretch is suggested.

Editor: Yvonne Huang


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